The Philippines

The Philippines is an archipelago in Southeast Asia made up of 7641 islands. The country is divided into 3 island groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

The Philippines is an archipelago in Southeast Asia made up of 7641 islands. The country is divided into 3 island groups: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.


Official Name
Republic of the Philippines


Independence Day
12 June 1946

Population, Territory and Currency

108,116,615 (2019)

300,000 square km

Peso (PHP)
Price per meal: ~₱242 (SGD$6.80)


Demographics Demographics

69.3 Life expectancy
Source: World Health Organisation (2019)

47.4% Urban population
Source: United Nations (2019)

50.2% Of the population are male
Source: World Bank (2019)

18.8% Are youths aged 15-24
Source: United Nations (2019)

The Flag

A horizontal bicolour flag with equal bands of blue and red, with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist. In the centre of the triangle is a golden-yellow sun with 8 rays representing a province, and at each vertex of the triangle is a 5 pointed star each representing the country’s 3 main island group. The white triangle represents liberty and equality.

The Flag
Flag of the Philippines

Key Historical Events


Insurrection against Spanish rule.


Japanese Occupation, retaken by the United States.


Independence. Renamed the Republic of the Philippines.


Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law.


Anti-Marcos lawyer Benigno Aquino is assassinated.


Marcos ousted in "people power" revolt.


President Joseph Estrada is forced out by a military-backed "people power" uprising.

Economic Profile

The Philippines economy recorded a 6.5 percent growth in the second quarter of 2017, and was reported to have overtaken Vietnam’s 6.2 percent growth and Indonesia’s 5 percent growth. A newly industrialised country, the Philippines’ economy has been transitioning from being agriculturally focused to one focused more on services and manufacturing.


The industry sector recorded the fastest growth of 7.3%. It employs 14% of the workforce and accounts for 30% of the national GDP.

The tourism industry is one of the country’s fastest-growing industries due to an increasing number of tourist arrivals.

In the manufacturing industry, petroleum, transport equipment, beverage industries and food are the top contributors to economic growth.

Places of Interest

Places of Interest

Boracay White Beach
Located in Western Visayas

Apart from its white sand beaches, Boracay is also famous for being one of the worlds top destinations for relaxation.

Underground River
National Park

Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site (1999) and New7Wonders of nature (2012). The park has a limestone karst mountain with an underground river cave.

Local Food

Local Food

Considered by many to be a Filipino national dish, it consists of slowly simmered chicken/pork/seafood marinated in vinegar, soy sauce and garlic.

The literal translation means ‘eaten raw’. This dish is a raw seafood dish accompanied with vinegar, vegetables and spices.

Kare Kare
A popular dish in the Philippines served during special occasions, it is a type of Filipino stew with a rich and thick peanut sauce.