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Myanmar

Myanmar shares a border with China to the north and northeast. It borders Laos and Thailand to the east and southeast respectively, the Andaman Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh and India to the west.

Myanmar shares a border with China to the north and northeast. It borders Laos and Thailand to the east and southeast respectively, the Andaman Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh and India to the west.

Overview

Official Name
Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Capital
Nay Pyi Taw

Independence Day
4 January 1948

Population, Territory and Currency

54,045,420 (2019)

676,578 square km

Burmese Kyat (Ks)
Price per meal: ~MMK5,509 (SGD$5.70)

Demographics

Demographics Demographics

66.8 Life expectancy
Source: World Health Organisation (2019)

31.1% Urban population
Source: United Nations (2019)

48.2% Of the population are male
Source: World Bank (2019)

18.1% Are youths aged 15-24
Source: United Nations (2019)

The Flag

The flag of Myanmar has 3 horizontal stripes of yellow, green and red with a 5-pointed white star in the middle. The 3 colours of the stripes are meant to symbolise solidarity, peace and tranquility, and courage and decisiveness respectively.

The Flag
Flag of Myanmar

Key Historical Events

1057

First unified Myanmar state at Pagan, adoption of Theravada Buddhism.

1885-86

British colonial rule.

1948

Independence.

1962

The military junta, single-party socialist system.

1990

Opposition National League for Democracy (NLD) wins landslide victory in elections, but the military ignores the result.

2011

The military hands over to a nominal civilian government.

2015

Opposition NLD led by Aung San Suu Kyi wins.

Economic Profile

Myanmar is one of Southeast Asia’s fastest growing economies. Economic growth is expected at 7.1% per year. Growth is driven mainly by economic reforms, public consumption and private investments. Myanmar’s economy is being liberalised to develop a market- oriented system. With the country’s vast landmass and relatively young economy, there are opportunities in infrastructure, particularly in transport and connectivity, ICT and energy. Looking forward, Myanmar has much potential for growth, with new cities requiring smart and sustainable solutions.

Industry

Industrial
Industry accounts for 28% of the country’s GDP. The major industry sectors are agricultural processing, manufacturing, construction and transportation.

Tourism
Minerals mined include rubies, pearls, jades, and sapphires. Rubies are by far the most important minerals in the country, accounting for 90% of the world’s rubies.

Agriculture
Agriculture account for 60% of the GDP and employs 65% of the country’s labor force. At one time, the country was the leading exporter of rice in Asia.

Places of Interest

Places of Interest

Shwedagon Pagoda
Golden Dragon Pagoda

A gilded stupa located in Yangon. The Shwedagon is the most sacred Buddhist pagoda in Myanmar.

Anada Temple
Located in Bangan

The Buddhist temple houses four standing Buddhas, each one facing the cardinal direction of East, North, West and South. Said to be an architectural wonder in a fusion of Mon and adopted Indian style of architecture.

Local Food

Local Food

Mohinga
A rice noodle and fish soup from Myanmar and is an essential part of Burmese cuisine. It is considered by many to be the national dish of Myanmar.

Tea leaf Salad
The most popular Myanmar food. Sour, slightly bitter leaves are mixed by hand with shredded cabbage, sliced tomatoes, nuts and peas.

Shan-style Rice
Known as fish rice, it is a typical Myanmar food. It combines rice cooked with turmeric and topped with flakes of freshwater fish and garlic oil.