Indonesia is located in south-eastern Asia, comprising of 5 main islands and 4 archipelagos situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean. It also contains the most volcanos in the world.

Indonesia is located in south-eastern Asia, comprising of 5 main islands and 4 archipelagos situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean. It also contains the most volcanos in the world.


Official Name
Republic of Indonesia


Independence Day
17 August 1945

Population, Territory and Currency

Population & total area
277,329,163 (2022 est.)
1,904,569 square km

Source: CIA World Factbook

Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)
Average price per meal: SGD 3.30


Demographics Demographics

Male-Female: 51%-49%

Urban population: 57.9%

Youth aged 15-24 years: 16.76%

Source: CIA World Factbook (2022)

The Flag

The flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolour with 2 equal horizontal bands of red (top) and white (bottom). The red band represents the courage and blood of the Indonesian people while the white band represents purity and spirits of the people.

The Flag
Flag of Indonesia

Key Historical Events

17th - early 20th century

Dutch colonial rule, formed Dutch East Indies.


Japanese occupation.


Following the end of World War II, independence proclaimed despite continued Dutch rule.


Independence from the Dutch government recognised after 4 years of guerrilla warfare.


Sukarno's Guided Democracy.


New Order under Suharto.


Widespread riots and chaos forces Suharto to resign.


Free elections held in Indonesia. East Timor gains independence.

Economic Profile

Indonesia is Southeast Asia’s largest and most populous economy. Its GDP in 2019 was IDR 15,833.9 trillion, a growth of more than 6% from the IDR 14,838.3 trillion achieved in 2017. Since 2014, the Indonesian government has been pushing ahead with its plans to make Indonesia a manufacturing hub for Southeast Asia. In 2018, it launched Making Indonesia 4.0, an integrated roadmap which aims to boost the country’s competitiveness in the Industry 4.0 era. Through incorporating major innovations such as artificial intelligence, robotics and sensor technology, the roadmap focuses on upgrading the capability of Indonesia’s vital manufacturing sectors – F&B, automotive, electronics, chemical and textile.

These strong fundamentals make Indonesia one of Southeast Asia’s most attractive investment locations. This is a sentiment echoed by Singapore firms – almost half of 1,100 firms surveyed by the Singapore Business Federation ranked Indonesia as their top overseas destination.

Key Industries

About 40% of the total labour force engages in agriculture, contributing to nearly 14% of the country’s GDP. Rice and coffee remain the country’s major produce.

One of the world’s biggest producer of textile and garment, this industry ranks among Indonesia’s top foreign exchange earners while providing jobs to more than 3.7 million locals.

Given its vast area and diverse landscapes, tourism has been among the biggest economy boosters. Following the easing of COVID-19 health measures, tourism has begun to recover, with foreign tourist arrivals increasing by a whopping 172% from March 2022 to April 2022.


Startup Ecosystem: Indonesia has an impressive startup ecosystem and ranks among the top in Southeast Asia. Indonesia’s internet economy also is thriving, with an average growth rate of 49% a year since 2015. This growth pace has positioned Indonesia as the largest and fastest-growing internet economy in Southeast Asia, well on track to cross USD 130 billion by 2025.

Lifestyle & Consumer Goods: Domestic consumer spending contributes to around 54% of Indonesia’s total GDP. By 2030, the booming middle class is expected to make up about 75% of the population, contributing to 72% of all spending in Indonesia.

Places of Interest

Places of Interest

Mount Bromo
Active volcano

Often surrounded by smoke and a multi-coloured sky, this volcano is one of the most iconic sights and a popular excursion.

Lake Toba
Site of a super volcanic eruption

Indonesia’s biggest and most beautiful lake, it is almost twice the size of Singapore. The lakes offers many viewpoints to enjoy its sight, surrounded by hills and lush greenery.

Local Food

Local Food

Meat skewers cooked over coals served with rice cakes and peanut sauce. A national dish and can be found everywhere in Indonesia.

Nasi Goreng
The fried rice is a national dish, where rice is mixed with vegetables, chicken/beef/seafood cooked in sweet thick soy sauce accompanied by cucumber and tomato.

Beef Rendang
Originating from Sumatra, this spicy meat dish is slow cooked and braised in coconut milk and spice mixture.

Major Festivals

Independence Day
Formerly a Dutch colony, Indonesia’s independence is celebrated on 17 August throughout the country. Parades are held in the capital, Jakarta at the Presidential Palace. Towns and villages conduct friendly competitions like sack races, rope pulls, and traditional pole climbing called pinjat pinang.

An important Hindu holiday for the Balinese, Nyepi falls on the third day of the Balinese New Year. It is a day of silence, fasting and meditation, with all economic activities at a standstill to allow devotees to engage in self-introspection. On the eve, Ogoh-ogoh parades take place along the streets of Bali, where locals carry statues taking the form of mythological beings, accompanied by music and drama performances.