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India

India is made up of 29 states and 7 Union Territories. The country is bounded by the Bay of Bengal to the east, Arabian Sea to the west and Indian Ocean to the south. Pakistan and Afghanistan shares a border northwest India.

India is made up of 29 states and 7 Union Territories. The country is bounded by the Bay of Bengal to the east, Arabian Sea to the west and Indian Ocean to the south. Pakistan and Afghanistan shares a border northwest India.

Overview

Official Name
Republic of India

Capital
New Delhi

Independence Day
15 August 1947

Population, Territory and Currency

1,366,417,750 (2019)

3,287,263 square km

Rupee (INR)
Price per meal: ~Rs187 (SGD$3.50)

Demographics

68.8 Life expectancy
Source: World Health Organisation (2019)

34.9% Urban population
Source: United Nations (2019)

52.0% Of the population are male
Source: World Bank (2019)

18.0% Are youths aged 15-24
Source: United Nations (2019)

The Flag

The flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of India saffron, white and India green with the Ashoka Chakra (a 24-spoke wheel in navy blue) at its centre. The top band represents the strength and courage of the country, the middles white band indicates peace and truth, and the bottom band shows fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land. The Chakra symbolises that there is life in movement and death is stagnation.

Flag of India

Key Historical Events

1858

British crown rule after failed Indian uprising.

1920-22

Nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi launches anti-British civil disobedience campaign.

1947

Independence. Partition of sub-continent into mainly Hindu India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.

1948, 1965, 1971

War with Pakistan.

1996

Hindu nationalist BJP emerges as largest single party.

May 2000

India marks the birth of its billionth citizen.

2015

India and Bangladesh signs landmark border deal.

Economic Profile

India’s economy is expected to maintain a steady GDP growth at 7%. India is projected to reach a 7.4% growth by 2020 and US$6 trillion by 2027 if it can successfully digitalise its economy, paving the way for the country’s equity market to be one of the five largest in the world.

Industry

Iron & Steel
One of the most important industry, India is the world’s top 10 producers of steel, and offers direct employment to around 250,000 workers.

Textile
The textile industry is the largest in India, contributing to 33% of export earnings, and providing 20 million jobs.

Information Technology
The IT industry is fast spreading in India, with many US and UK firms forming contracts for software & services.

Places of Interest

Taj Mahal
Crown of the Palace

A symbol of India’s rich history, it attracts 8 million visitors a year. The tomb of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan is the centrepiece of the 17 hectare complex of a mosque and guest house bounded by gardens.

Ellora Caves
Aurangabad district

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is one of the largest rock-cut monastery-temple cave complexes in the world featuring Hindu, Buddhist and Jain monuments dating from the 600-1000 CE period.

Local Food

Khichdi
A highly popular dish made of rice and lentils, it is considered a symbol of national unity and diversity.

Biryani
This popular dish dates back to the Mughal empire, the dish contains basmati rice, spices, meat, eggs and vegetable.

Chutney
Flavourful chutneys are India’s national condiments. They consist of cut pickled fruit seasoned with spices such as cumin, tamarind, ginger and turmeric.