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China

China is located in East Asia long the coastline of the Pacific Ocean. It is the world’s 3rd largest country and is surrounded by 14 other countries at its borders.

China is located in East Asia long the coastline of the Pacific Ocean. It is the world’s 3rd largest country and is surrounded by 14 other countries at its borders.

Overview

Official Name
People’s Republic of China

Capital
Beijing

Independence Day
1 October 1949

Population, Territory and Currency

1,433,783,686 (2019)

9, 706, 961 square km

Renminbi (RMB)
Price per meal: ~20-80 yuan (SGD$4-16)

Demographics

Demographics Demographics

76.4 Life expectancy
Source: World Health Organisation (2019)

61.4% Urban population
Source: United Nations (2019)

51.3% Of the population are male
Source: World Bank (2019)

11.8% Are youths aged 15-24
Source: United Nations (2019)

The Flag

The flag of China has a red field with 5 golden stars. The red represents the Chinese Communist Revolution. The large star stands for the Chinese Communist Party while the 4 smaller stars that surround it symbolize the 4 social classes (working class, peasantry, urban petite bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie).

The Flag
Flag of China

Key Historical Events

221BC

Emperor Qin creates China’s first centralised state.

1841

British Opium War.

1911

The fall of the Qing Empire, China becomes a republic under Sun Yat-sen.

1931-45

Japanese invasion of China.

1949

The Communist Revolution under Mao Ze Dong. Founding of the People’s Republic of China.

1966-67

“Cultural Revolution”, production of massive social, economic and political upheaval.

1989

Tiananmen Square protests.

2011

China proclaimed as the second-largest world economy.

Economic Profile

Since the economy transitioned from a centrally planned system to a more market-oriented economy in 1978, China has seen rapid economic growth with its GDP growth averaging 10% per year. Today, it is the second- largest economy in the world and is increasingly playing an influential role in the global economy.

SGP X CHN: Bilateral economic ties between Singapore and China have strengthened over the years since 1990. In 2017, Singapore’s largest trading partner was China, and Singapore was China’s top foreign investor from 2013 to 2017. Joint economic ventures between both countries continue to develop through the years, with latest partnerships including the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the China-Singapore Demonstration Initiative on Strategic Connectivity (CCI).

Industry

Energy
The leading country in electricity production since surpassing the US. Most of the electricity is produced from coal (a mineral China has in plenty)

Mining
China is by far the largest producer of gold and coal in the world. The local gold consumption is equals to 9.2% of global consumption.

Manufacturing
The biggest industry accounting for 46.8% of China’s GDP. Output equivalent to 20% of global production.

Places of Interest

Places of Interest

Great Wall of China
Chang Cheng = Long wall

A stone & earth fortification created to protect the borders of the Chinese. It is a succession of multiple walls spanning 13,171 miles, making it the world’s longest manmade structure.

Forbidden City
Palace complex

Located in central Beijing, it houses the Palace Museum and consists of 980 buildings. It was the former Chinese imperial palace as well as the residence of the Chinese emperors.

Local Food

Local Food

Peking Duck
China’s national dish, characterized by its thin and crispy skin. Served with pancakes, sweet bean sauce and cucumber.

Dumplings
The most famous traditional food comprises of pieces of dough wrapped around a filling. They can be fried, baked, boiled or steamed.

Spring Roll
Especially popular in south China, it is a wheaten crust wrapped with minced pro/beef/mutton filling and deep fried till golden.